VALIDATION OF THE SOCIAL ENTREPRENEURIAL ANTECEDENTS SCALE IN UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN MEXICO

Quiñonez Tapia, F., González-Betanzos, F., Vargas-Garduño, M. L. & Aguirre Lozano, Z. E. (2020). Validation of the Social Entrepreneurial Antecedents Scale in University Students in Mexico. International Journal of Entrepreneurial Knowledge, 8(1), 1-18. doi: 10.37335/ijek.v8i2.97

Keywords: Factorial analysis, university, student, social entrepreneurship

Abstract

The objective of this study was to analyze the psychometric properties of the Social Entrepreneurial Antecedents Scale (SEAS) with male and female university students in Mexico. There were 1,619 students from the University of Guadalajara and the Michoacan University of San Nicolas de Hidalgo who participated in the study. The reliability of SEAS was analyzed with Cronbach's alpha and the validity with confirmatory factor analysis using the maximum likelihood estimation method. Three factorial models of the scale were compared and items were added for its adaptation. The values produced by the factorial analysis show that the adapted Social Entrepreneurial Antecedents Scale presents adequate evidence of validity and reliability for university students in the central-western area of Mexico. It is shown that experience with Social Problems, Empathy, Moral Obligation, Self-Efficacy and Social Support favor the Intention of Social Entrepreneurship. This research provides elements for the identification of profiles of potential social entrepreneurs who can influence the development of populations with emerging economies, involving higher education institutions, government, business and society.

Author Biographies

Francisco Quiñonez Tapia, University Center for Administrative Economic Sciences of the University of Guadalajara

Doctor of Psychology. Member of the academic body UDG-CA- 617 "Organizational Psychology and Health". Member of the National System of Researchers of candidate level. Full-time Professor of the Department of Public Policies at the University Center for Administrative Economic Sciences of the University of Guadalajara. With eleven years of teaching, research and management experience at the level of higher education. His lines of research, are: Subject and psychology, social psychology and health, native peoples

Fabiola González-Betanzos, Faculty of Psychology of the Michoacana University of San Nicolás de Hidalgo

Doctor in Methodology and Statistics in Behavioral and Health Sciences from the Autonomous University of Madrid, Spain. She is currently a full-time professor and researcher at the Faculty of Psychology of the Michoacana University of San Nicolás de Hidalgo. Her research lines are:

  • Development of instruments for the evaluation of various variables related to academic trajectories, validation of lag risk indicators and academic dropout in university students; Identification of talented students.
  • Evaluation and intervention to improve school life. Education for peace, development of social skills, study of social phobia. Study of the rights of children and adolescents.
  • Research on psychological assessment assessment designs for custody and custody regimes.

She has written several articles published in international journals in relation to statistical models for the evaluation in computerized adaptive tests. She has carried out design of evaluation of programs and public policies in education and health. It belongs to the National System of Researchers Level I. It belongs to the Council for the Prevention of School Violence. She is a reviewer of national and international journals

María de Lourdes Vargas-Garduño, Faculty of Psychology of the Michoacan University of San Nicolás de Hidalgo

Doctor in Social Sciences, specializing in Social Psychology. She belongs to the National System of Researchers, with level 1. She is currently a full-time research professor at the Faculty of Psychology of the Michoacan University of San Nicolás de Hidalgo and coordinator of the consolidated CA “Education, culture and learning processes”, Secretary of the Michoacan Academy of Sciences (AMICI) and full member of the Mexican Council of Educational Research (COMIE). 41 years in the teaching exercise. She has published several articles, book chapters and books, the most recent being “Interculturality in multicultural university spaces”, which she coordinated with Gunther Dietz (2017). She has directed research projects funded by CONACyT and other organizations. She has directed more than 50 theses at different levels (bachelor's, master's and doctorate). Her lines of research are: intercultural bilingual education, academic literacy, teacher training.

Zarina Estela Aguirre Lozano, University Center of Economic-Administrative Sciences of the University of Guadalajara

Associate Full-time Professor, attached to the Department of Social and Legal Sciences of the University Center of Economic-Administrative Sciences of the University of Guadalajara (Mexico), is a Member of the CA, Cultural Studies on indigenous peoples. He studied History and Masters in: (a) Technologies for Learning, (b) Latin American Studies and (c) Gandhiano Thought. He has worked on research related to the history of mentalities, education and intercultural communication, and inter-community harmony. She is currently studying for a PhD in History, with the research topic “Peace processes in the Nayar area: forms of conflict and negotiation in the Wixárika people”. She actively participates in research processes on the Wixárika community, has a particular interest in intercultural processes, peace management and mediation in the conflict. She has also been developed in university management within the same house of studies.

Published
2020-06-30