ANTECEDENTS AND BARRIERS WHICH DRIVE SMES IN RELATION TO CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY? LITERATURE REVIEW

Reference: Rozsa, Z., Holubek, J., Vesela, Z. & Soboleva, O. (2022). Antecedents and barriers which drive SMEs in relation to corporate social responsibility? Literature review International Journal of Entrepreneurial Knowledge, 10(2), 107-122. doi: 10.37335/ijek.v10i2.174.

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.37335/ijek.v10i2.174

Keywords:

CSR, SMEs, Literature review, qualitative methods

Abstract

Small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) cannot be considered a "shrunken" of large enterprises. They are highly heterogeneous, usually have more informal organizational characteristics, and do not have departments dedicated explicitly to corporate social responsibility (CSR) tasks. Therefore, research on CSR in SMEs faces many challenges. The situation is a complex phenomenon, primarily because the nature of CSR is influenced by the environment uniqueness in which it is studied or practiced. This paper aims to identify the main themes of qualitative research on CSR in SMEs. The Web of Science database was chosen to identify relevant literature, and the research focuses only on peer-reviewed articles published in English up to November 2022. The resulting dataset was created by selecting articles with a qualitative or combined approach. A total of 21 articles published in 10 journals were identified. The published studies contained the following research streams: 1. SMEs' CSR activities and reasons for involvement, 2. Ethical values of the entrepreneur or owner-manager and their impact on SMEs' social responsibility, 3. Relationships with stakeholders, 4. The nature of SMEs' social responsibility implementation. The findings of this study contribute to the CSR literature and have important practical implications for SME managers. The conclusion also formulates questions to stimulate the potential for further research.

Author Biographies

Zoltán Rózsa, Faculty of Social and Economic Relations, Alexander Dubcek University of Trencin, Trencin, Slovakia

doc. PhDr. Zoltán Rózsa, PhD.

Affiliation: the Alexander Dubcek University of Trencin, Faculty of Social and Economic Relations, Slovakia.

Email: zoltan.rozsa@tnuni.sk

Zoltan Rozsa is an associate professor of management. His research activities focus on SMEs, human resource management, and social media. His articles have been published in various international journals, such as Engineering Economics, Journal of Business Economics and Management, Marketing and Management of Innovations, and others.

Jakub Holúbek, Faculty of Social and Economic Relations, Alexander Dubcek University of Trencin, Trencin, Slovakia

Ing. Jakub Holubek

Affiliation: the Alexander Dubcek University of Trencin, Faculty of Social and Economic Relations, Slovakia.

Email: jakub.holubek@tnuni.sk

Jakub Holubek is a doctoral student at Alexander Dubcek University in Trencin, Slovakia. His doctoral thesis addresses the challenges of Human Resource Management in a Lean Manufacturing Environment.

Zuzana Veselá, Pan-European University, Prague, Czech Republic

Ing. Zuzana Vesela

Affiliation: Pan-European University, Prague, Czech Republic.

Email: zuzana.vesela@peuni.cz

Zuzana Vesela is a doctoral student at Pan-European University, Czech Republic. In her doctoral thesis, she deals with factors influencing the decision to start a business in the context of the current economic situation.

Olga Soboleva , Pan-European University, Prague, Czech Republic

Dr. Olga Soboleva

Affiliation: Department of Tourism, Faculty of Business, Pan-European University, Prague, Czech Republic

Email:  olga.soboleva@peuni.cz

Olga Soboleva is the author of 19 scientific publications. Fields of scientific interest: tourism, cultural tourism, cultural-event tourism, tourism economics, development economics, economics and management, regional and local economics, and financial management.

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Published

2022-12-22